Westvale Park

Primary Academy

Always Children First


At Westvale Park Primary Academy, we believe that personal, social and health education (PSHE) enables every child to become healthy, independent and responsible members of society. It empowers them to understand how they are developing personally and socially, and tackles many of the moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up. Behaviour and attitude to learning is underpinned by whole school values that are taught through PHSE lessons, therefore making the subject integral to the success of the whole school. 

At Westvale Park we follow the Jigsaw scheme of work. Jigsaw is a mindfulness- based approach to delivering PSHE lessons, which is DfE 2020 compliant for delivering effective RSHE. Jigsaw provides a scheme of learning from age 3 and aims to prepare children for life, helping them to value who they are, and understand how they relate to others in an ever-changing world. SMSC and British Values are mapped into each lesson.



At Westvale Park Primary Academy, we understand and actively support the importance of educating pupils about sex and relationships, in order for pupils to make responsible and well-informed decisions in their lives. 
The DfE’s guidance, ‘Sex and Relationship Education Guidance’, defines this programme as: “Learning about physical, moral and emotional development; understanding the importance of marriage for family life, stable and loving relationships, respect, love and care. It is also about the teaching of sex, sexuality and health.” 
The programme will be taught objectively and does not intend to promote any form of sexual orientation.
Aims and objectives 
The sex education and relationship programme are an opportunity for pupils to: 
•    Develop an understanding of sex, sexuality and relationships.
•    Develop a range of appropriate personal skills to ensure they have healthy relationships and make choices which lead to a happy life. 
The aims will be achieved through developing an understanding of: 
•    A range of values and moral issues including the importance of family life.
•    The biological facts related to human growth and development, including reproduction.
•    The importance of healthy relationships and being empowered to own their own bodies and life choices.

Pupils in Reception are taught: 
•    To consider the routines and patterns of a typical day. 
•    How children can look after themselves, including keeping themselves clean and why good hygiene is important. 
•    To recognise that all families are different. 
•    Words used; dress, undress, clean, smelly, flannel, sponge, towel, hands, toothpaste, toothbrush, hairbrush, comb, family, mum, dad, brother, sister, grandma, grandad, stepmum, stepdad. 
•    Identify different types of touch that people like and do not like 
•    To understand about personal space. 
•    To talk about ways of dealing with unwanted touch 
•    To understand that all families are different and have different family members 
•    Identify who to go to for help and support. 
Year 1 are taught: 
•    To understand some basic hygiene principles. 
•    Understand that babies become children and then adults 
•    To know the difference between girl and boy babies and the biological names for various body parts including penis and vagina. 
•    To know which people we can ask for help. 
•    How families are all different. 
•    Words used; clean, similar, different, family, boy, girl, male, female, private parts, penis and vagina. 
Pupils in Year 2 are taught: 
•    Understand that some people have fixed ideas about what boys and girls can do (gender stereotypes) and to explain differences between male and female animals. 
•    Describe the difference between male and female bodies and to label male and female body parts. 
•    To describe some differences between male and female animals 
•    Understand that making a new life needs a male and female. 
•    About the process of aging and the fact that this cannot be controlled. 
•    Words used; similar, different, sex, gender roles, stereotypes, boy, girl, male, female, private parts, penis, vagina, testicles. 
Pupils in Year 3 are taught: 
•    Know some differences and similarities between males and females. 
•    Name male and female body parts using agreed words. 
•    Identify different types of touch that people like and do not like 
•    To understand about personal space. 
•    To talk about ways of dealing with unwanted touch 
•    To understand that all families are different and have different family members 
•    Identify who to go to for help and support. 
•    Words used; stereotypes, gender roles, similar, different, male, female, private parts, penis, testicles, vagina, womb, family, fostering, adoption and relationship. 
Pupils in Year 4 are taught: 
•    To describe the body changes that happen when a child grows up. 
•    To describe the main stages of the human lifecycle. 
•    To discuss male and female body parts using agreed words. 
•    To know some of the changes which happen to the body during puberty. 
•    To know about the physical and emotional changes that happen in puberty. 
•    To understand that children change into adults so that they are able to reproduce. 
•    Words used; Puberty, lifecycle, reproduction, physical, breasts, sperm, egg, pubic hair, emotional, feelings. 
Pupils in Year 5 are taught: 
•    To explain the main physical and emotional changes that happen during puberty. 
•    To ask questions about puberty with confidence. 
•    To understand how puberty affects the reproductive organs. 
•    To describe how to manage physical and emotional changes. 
•    To explain how to keep clean during puberty. 
•    To explain how emotions can change during puberty. 
•    To know how to get help and support during puberty. 
•    Words used; Puberty, physical changes, emotional changes, moods, menstruation, periods, tampons, sanitary towels, wet dreams, semen, erection, sweat, breasts, spots, pubic hair, facial hair, underarm hair, sexual feelings. 
Pupils in Year 6 are taught: 
•    To describe how and why the body changes during puberty in preparation for reproduction. 
•    To talk about puberty and reproduction with confidence. 
•    To discuss different types of adult relationships with confidence 
•    To know what form of touching is appropriate. 
•    To describe the decisions that have to be made before having a baby. 
•    To know some basic facts about pregnancy and conception. 
•    To have considered when is appropriate to share personal/private information in a relationship. 
•    To know how and where to get support if an online relationship goes wrong. 
•    Words used; Womb, sperm, egg, conception, fertilisation, pregnancy, sexual intercourse, twins, fostering, adoption, relationships, friendship, love, consent, intimacy, communication, personal/private information, internet safety. 
During Year 5 and 6 classes, pupils may be taught in gender-segregated groups dependent upon the nature of the topic being taught.